bokee.net

科研管理工作者博客

正文 更多文章

新概念英语第四册 Lesson 2 Spare that spider 不要伤害蜘蛛

Lesson  2    Spare that spider  不要伤害蜘蛛

 

Why, you may wonder, should spiders be our friends? 

你可能会觉得奇怪, 蜘蛛怎么会是我们的朋友呢? 

 

you may wonder, 是插入语

spare[spZE]adj.多余的, 剩下的 v.节约, 节省, 不伤害

wonder[5wQndE]n.奇迹, 惊奇, 惊愕vt....感到惊讶, 惊奇, 想知道vi.惊讶, 怀疑

spider[5spaidE]n.蜘蛛, 设圈套者, 三脚架

 

 

Because they destroy so many insects, and insects include some of the greatest enemies of the human race. 

因为它们能消灭那么多的昆虫,其中包括一些人类的大敌,

 

insect[5insekt]n.昆虫, 卑鄙的人

destroy[dis5trCi]vt.破坏, 毁坏, 消灭v.消灭, 摧毁

include[in5 klu:d]vt.包括, 包含  exclude[iks5klu:d]vt.拒绝接纳, ...排除在外, 排斥

enemy[5enimi]n.敌人

the human race 人类

some of the greatest enemies of the human race一些人类的大敌

 

 

 

Insects would make it impossible for us to live in the world;

they would devour all our crops and kill our flocks and herds, if it were not for the protection we get from insect-eating animals.

要不是人类受一些食虫动物的保护,昆虫就会使我们无法在地球上生活下去。昆虫会吞食我们的全部庄稼,杀死我们的成群的牛羊。 

 

Insects would make it impossible for us to live in the world;

昆虫就会使我们无法在地球上生活下去

 

they would devour all our crops and kill our flocks and herds,

它们(昆虫)会吞食我们的全部庄稼,杀死我们的成群的牛羊。

 

if it were not for the protection we get from insect-eating animals.

要不是人类受一些食虫动物的保护

 

devour[di5vauE]vt.(尤指动物)吞吃, 狼吞虎咽, 挥霍, (火灾等)毁灭, 破坏, 吞没

crop[krCp]n.农作物

flock[flCk]n.羊群, (禽、畜等的), 大量, 众多v.聚结

herd[hE:d]n.兽群, 牧群v....赶在一起放牧, 成群    herb[hE:b]n.药草, 香草

protection[prE5tekFEn]n.保护

insect-eating animal  食虫动物

 

the protection (that) we get from insect-eating animals   我们从食虫动物那里得到的保护

 

 

 

We owe a lot to the birds and beasts who eat insects but all of them put together kill only a fraction of the number destroyed by spiders. 

我们要十分感谢那些吃昆虫的鸟和兽,然而把它们所杀死的昆虫全部加在一起也只相当于蜘蛛所消灭的一小部分。 

 

put together  v. ...加起来, 装配, 使成整体, 整理(思路,意见等)

together[tE5^eTE]adv.共同, 一起, 合起来, 集拢地

owe to  v.归功于

a fraction of the number destroyed by spiders  ()蜘蛛消灭(昆虫)的一小部分

the birds and beasts who eat insects那些吃昆虫的鸟和兽

 

 

 

Moreover, unlike some of the other insect eaters, spiders never do the harm to us or our belongings. 

此外,蜘蛛不同于其他食虫动物,它们丝毫不危害我们和我们的财物。

 

moreover[mC:5rEuvE]adv.而且, 此外

 

unlike[5Qn5laik]adj.不同的, 不相似的prep.不象...,...不同

 

other insect eaters  其他食虫动物

 

unlike some of the other insect eaters不同于其他食虫动物

 

belongings[bI5lRNINz]n.财产, 所有物, 相关事物, 亲戚

 

 


Spiders
are not insects, as many people think, nor even nearly related to them. 

许多人认为蜘蛛是昆虫,但它们不是昆虫,甚至与昆虫毫无关系。 

relate[ri5leit]vt.叙述, , 使联系, 发生关系

relate to  v.涉及

 

 

 

One can tell the difference almost at a glance, for a spider always has eight legs and insect never more than six.

人们几乎一眼就能看出二者的差异,因为蜘蛛都是8条腿,而昆虫的腿从不超过6条。 

 

a glance  ...瞟一眼

 

 

 

How many spiders are engaged in this work on our behalf? 

有多少蜘蛛在为我们效力呢?

engage[in5^eidV]vt.使忙碌, 雇佣, 预定, 使从事于, 使参加vi.答应, 从事, 交战

behalf[bi5hB:f]n., 利益

 

 

One authority on spiders made a census of the spiders in grass field in the south of England, and he estimated that there were more than 2,250,000 in one acre; that is something like 6,000,000 spiders of different kinds on a football pitch.  

一位研究蜘蛛的权威对英国南部一块草坪上的蜘蛛作了一次调查。他估计每英亩草坪里有225万多只蜘蛛。这就是说,在一个足球场上约有600万只不同种类的蜘蛛。 

 

One authority on spiders  一位研究蜘蛛的权威

authority[C:5WCriti]n.权威, 威信, 权威人士, 权力, 职权, 典据, 著作权威

author[5C:WE]n.作家, 创造者 

census[5sensEs]n.人口普查, 种群普查

 

 

 

Spiders are busy for at least half the year in killing insects. 

蜘蛛至少有半年在忙于吃昆虫。

at least  adv.至少

half the year  半年

 

 

It is impossible to make more than the wildest guess at how many they kill, but they are hungry creatures, not content with only three meals a day. 

它们一年中消灭了多少昆虫,我们简直无法猜测,它们是吃不饱的动物,不满意一日三餐。 

the wildest guess  无法猜测(最疯狂的猜测)

 

It is impossible to make more than the wildest guess at how many they kill

它们一年中消灭了多少昆虫,我们简直无法猜测

 

they are hungry creatures  它们是吃不饱的动物

 

three meals a day  一日三餐

 

content[kEn5tent]n.内容, 容量, 目录, 满足adj.满足的, 满意的, 愿意vt.使满足

 

content with  满足于...

 

not content with only three meals a day  不满意一日三餐

 

 

It has been estimated that the weight of all the insects destroyed by spiders in Britain in one year would be greater than the total weight of all the human beings in the country. 

据估计,在英国蜘蛛一年里所消灭昆虫的重量超过这个国家人口的总重量。

the weight of all the insects destroyed by spiders 蜘蛛一年里所消灭昆虫的重量

 

the total weight of all the human beings 人口的总重量

 

the total weight of all the human beings in the country. 这个国家人口的总重量

分享到:

上一篇:新概念英语第四册 Lesson

下一篇:第四册 Lesson 3 Mat

评论 (0条) 发表评论

抢沙发,第一个发表评论
验证码